Facial Trauma

Dr. Raghu an Oral and maxillofacial surgeon is trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. Injuries to the face, by their very nature, impart a high degree of emotional, as well as physical trauma to patients. The science and art of treating these injuries requires special training involving a hands-on experience and an understanding of how the treatment provided will influence the patient’s long-term function and appearance.

  • Facial lacerations
  • Intra oral
  • Avulsed (knocked out) teeth
  • Fractured jaws
    (upper and lower jaw)
  • Fractured facial bones
    (cheek, nose or eye socket)

THE NATURE OF MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA

There are plenty of possible causes of facial trauma such as car accidents, accidental falls, sports wounds, interpersonal violence, and work-related injuries. Types of facial injuries can vary from injuries of teeth to very critical injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as either soft tissue injuries (gums and skins), bones injuries (fractures), or injuries to specific regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).

SOFT TISSUE INJURIES OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION

If soft tissue injuries such as lacerations occur on the face, they are fixed by suturing. In addition to the visible concern of providing a replacement that yields the excellent cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands, and ducts (or outflow channels). Dr. Raghu is a well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeon and is expert at diagnosing and treating all types of facial injuries.

BONE INJURIES OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION

Fractures of the bones on the face are treated in a way similar to the fractures in other parts of the body. The special form of treatment is determined by several factors, which include the area of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, the age, and general health fitness of the patient. When an arm or a leg is broken, a cast is usually applied to stabilize the bone to allow for proper healing. One of these options involves wiring the jaws together for specific fractures of the upper and lower jaw. Certain different types of fractures of the jaw are best treated and stabilized by the surgical placement of tiny plates and screws. This method of treatment can often allow for healing and prevents the requirement of having the jaws wired together. This procedure is called “rigid fixation”. The comparatively recent development and use of rigid fixation have very improved the healing period for many patients, allowing them to return to standard function more quickly.

The treatment for facial fractures should be accomplished in a thorough and predictable way. More importantly, the patient’s facial appearance should be slightly changed. An effort at accessing the facial bones through the fewest incisions necessary is always made. At the equal time, the incisions that become essential, are designed to be small and, whenever possible, are placed so that the scar is hidden.